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留置权s in the North: How It Could Affect You
发表于 施工

为什么这有关系?

承包商和分包商–在本文中也称为留置权人–无论是在完成对住宅的翻新工程还是为矿山提供建筑服务时,在建设项目过程中可能无法及时获得付款。在西北地区和努纳武特,为建设项目的利益而提供服务,材料,物资或设备的订约方,有权获得机械师或矿工的留置权(“Lien”) under the Mechanics 留置权 Act 要么 Miners 留置权 Act (“Lien Legislation”).[1] In addition to remedies available under contract law, 留置权 Legislation provides contractors and subcontractors with a further option to pursue payment from the project owners if certain requirements are met.

Conversely, it is important for project owners to be familiar with 留置权 Legislation because contractors and subcontractors may often exercise their 留置权 rights erroneously, which may result in the loss of those rights. It is helpful to know when a contractor 要么 subcontractor has exceeded its rights under the 留置权 Legislation. This may constitute grounds for invalidating the 留置权s to the benefit of the project owners.

它是如何工作的?

通常,根据合同仍未付款的当事方必须在违反合同或其他相关的诉讼因由的情况下,要求当事方代扣代缴款项。但是,留置权立法赋予了债权人留置权人权利,只要其满足某些要求,就可以对债务人项目所有者的不动产权益进行抵押。如果留置权人为住宅物业提供建筑服务(例如装修),并且在工程完成后仍未获得报酬,则留置权人可以针对改良后的住宅物业的法定所有权进行登记。针对法定所有权的指控可能会激励扣缴预付款的一方达成解决方案,以消除对其财产的指控,因为该指控可能会阻止或延迟财产的转让或出售。最终,留置权人可以强迫出售财产以偿还债务。

但是,留置权人必须在严格的时间表内执行任务以保留其留置权。例如,向建筑项目提供材料的分包商必须在一定时间内向有关当局登记留置权要求,以便“preserve” its 留置权. Once a 留置权 is 保留d, the subcontractor must ensure it “perfects” the 留置权 within a certain amount of time by commencing a court action and by registering a certificate of pending litigation with the appropriate authority. At any point in this process, if the subcontractor misses a deadline to 保留 要么 to perfect the 留置权, it ceases to exist and the subcontractor loses their right to pursue remedies under the 留置权 Legislation.

In addition to strict compliance with the timelines established in the 留置权 Legislation, lienholders must ensure the substance of their lien claim forms meet the requirements of the 留置权 Legislation. An error 要么 omission in the content of the forms may result in the loss of the 留置权 for the lienholder.

If exercised correctly, liens are a powerful tool for contractors and subcontractors to encourage payment should compensation issues arise during the course of a construction project. However, 留置权 Legislation requires lienholders to comply rigorously with its requirements to obtain the benefits of the 留置权.

警惕自己的权利。 

Oftentimes, lienholders seek legal advice regarding unpaid invoices from a construction project 上 ly after the deadline to 保留 上 e’s 留置权 has expired, therefore leaving lienholders without any benefit accorded by the 留置权 Legislation. Timelines under the 留置权 Legislation are relatively short, and lienholders are encouraged to act proactively and to seek legal advice during the course of a project if they suspect payment issues could become a problem. 

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[1] 在西北地区:(1) Mechanics 留置权 Act,RSNWT 1988,c M-7和(2) Miners 留置权 Act,RSNWT 1988,c M-12。在努纳武特地区:(1) Mechanics 留置权 Act,RSNWT 1988,C M-7(努纳武特)和(2) Miners 留置权 Act,RSNWT 1988,c M-12(Nunavut)。

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